Top 5 Historical Women in Math

Hypatia of Alexandria

(370? - 415 AD)

Claim to Fame: Hypatia was a mathematician, philosopher, and astronomer. She is the earliest known female mathematician.

Maria Agnesi

(May 16, 1718 - January 9, 1799)

Claim to Fame: Maria was a mathematical prodigy and was the first to publish a book on mathematics. 

Sofia Kovalevskaya

(January 15, 1850 - February 10, 1891)

Claim to Fame: Sofia was the first woman in Europe to receive a doctorate in mathematics and to join the editorial board of a scientific journal. 

Emmy Noether

(March 23, 1882 - April 14, 1935)

Claim to Fame: Her theories are the core for modern algebra and physics. She was also called a "genius" by Albert Einstein.

Maryam Mirzakhani

(May 3, 1977 - Present)

Claim to Fame: Maryam is part of recent history. She is the first woman to win the Fields Medal, which is the Nobel Prize of mathematics.